Bariatric Surgery in Children: Read more…Is This the Right Approach? Childhood obesity will have a significant impact on morbidity, including quality of life, comorbid conditions such as diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea, as well as mortality rates. In addition, over the course of a lifetime, the medical costs associated with childhood obesity are high. So, what can be done? Our initial efforts must focus on prevention and healthy lifestyles for all children. However, for the severely obese patient, bariatric surgical procedures are viewed as effective treatment, reducing weight and improving comorbid conditions such as glucose intolerance.