Understanding Obesity Surgery Before The Plunge
In order to understand bariatric weight loss surgery, we need to understand what conditions possibly require this kind of surgery. Obesity is defined in clinical terms as medical condition in which the body fat increases to such an extent that it causes certain health concerns and reduces the life expectancy of the person. Obesity increases the vulnerability of the human body to diseases like diabetes mellitus type-2, cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis, asthma and sometimes even certain types of cancer.
Increase in body fat can be due to individual or a combination of the effects of the following:
• Excessive energy intake in form of food majorly
• Lack of physical work out because of a sedentary lifestyle
• Endocrine disorders
• Genetic susceptibility
• Social determinants
• Medications or psychiatric conditions (low probable cases)
Primary Ways To Reduce Body Fat
While some of the cornerstone cures most commonly suggested for obesity are diet control to intake more fibre with restriction on fat and sugars, anti-obesity drugs to absorb fat and reduce appetite and most importantly, physical exercise. However, in certain cases, patients are unable to completely gain from the above methods. Hence, some are advised a surgery performed to reduce fat volume.
Working Principle behind the Surgery
Obesity surgery is a very advanced procedure offered by experienced teams of doctors in France with state – of – the – art operation theatres. This surgery alters or interrupts the digestion process so that food is not broken down and absorbed in the usual way. It reduces the bowel length, leading to feeling full earlier and a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food. In simple terms, it means reducing the stomach fat to reduce appetite and limit consumption. Obesity is defined in terms of BMI or body mass index, and anyone with a BMI of at least 34 to 40 is eligible to go in for this obesity surgery, however proper consultation is required before plunging in for it.
Obesity Surgery may be performed in different ways. One is an open surgery, which involves single incision cut to open the abdomen; second is laparoscopic, in which surgical instruments and a video camera are guided into the abdomen through small half-inch incisions, or sometimes even a single incision can do the job. These days, most such surgeries are laparoscopic because they require less extensive cuts as compared to open surgeries, let the surgeon view the entire abdomen throughout the process and cause relatively minimal tissue damage and hence fewer post-operative complications.
One needs to keep in mind that fat loss surgery or bariatric weight loss surgery is not just a gastric band an aid for obesity. It is merely a supporting factor which like any other process comes with its own set of risks and precautions post operation. It just facilitates the weight loss process, but continuous positive weight – loss relies upon the sheer desire and dedication to achieve it.
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